Würzburg is an independent city in Lower Franconia and seat of government of Lower Franconia and the district office of Würzburg as well as the bishopric of the diocese of Würzburg of the Roman Catholic Church. The city on the Main currently has around 125 inhabitants and is thus on the list of the largest cities Bavaria in sixth place behind Munich, Nuremberg, Augsburg, Regensburg and Ingolstadt. The impressive cityscape was in second World War badly damaged, especially by the bombing on March 16, 1945. During the reconstruction, important individual monuments, like most churches in the old town, were reconstructed on the outside. The one also badly damaged during the war and then rebuilt Würzburg Residence with the courtyard garden and Residenzplatz was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981. It was the second German building on the list after Aachen Cathedral.