Paderborn is a large city in the east of the German state with over 148.000 inhabitants Nordrhein-Westfalen. The name Paderborn is composed of Pader (the river on which the city lies) and Born, an earlier name for . The first university in Westphalia was founded in Paderborn in 1614, and is now an independent theological faculty. A new university has existed since 1972. The city has been the seat of the Diocese of Paderborn, which was made an archbishopric in 1930. Until 1802/03 Paderborn was the capital of the Prince-Bishopric of Paderborn. In the course of the regional reform in North Rhine-Westphalia, the city received in 1975 with the integration of surrounding communities Sauerland/ Paderborn law its current expansion and the number of inhabitants rose to over 100.000, which made Paderborn a big city.